The suspicious death of a young man who was being rushed to a psychiatric ward put the Compulsory Medical Treatment under the spotlight in Italy.
The Italian Constitution allows compulsory medical treatments “in the cases established by the law”; and indeed a 1978 Law regulates them. Only “mentally ill” people can be subject to CMT.
A Compulsory Medical Treatment is ordered by the Mayor, acting on a proposal from a medic. The mayoral order needs to be confirmed by a Guardianship Judge, and is valid only for seven days, but it can be extended. Usually it will be served and executed by the Municipal Police.
Andrea Soldi, the man who died in Turin during a CMT, had been handcuffed by the Police.