Culture / Economy / Society

Commons in Italy

Article 42 of the Italian Constitution reads: “Property is public or private”. Indeed the Italian Civil Code, which predates the Constitution, regulates only public and private property, without mentioning anything like “common ownership” or “common goods”. As for public property, it is conceived only as directly managed by public entities.

However, a 1927 Law on the “assessment and termination of collective usage rights and any other right of common¬†usage over lands” is still in force, meaning that there are still commons in Italy. The Law is currently enforced by the Regional Governatorates in order to preserve, rather than to dismantle commons and the organizations managing them.

In the Eastern Italian Alps the “Regole”, ancient collective organizations managing local commons, still have some importance.

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