The parties defeated by Prime Minister Matteo Renzi in the recent European elections are reacting with frantic maneuvers.
Mr Grillo met Mr Farage in Brussels. During the flight he had a talk with Mr Matteo Salvini, the leader of the Northern League.
Mr Salvini met Mrs Le Pen and will meet Mrs Giorgia Meloni, leader of the rightist party Brothers of Italy.
And Berlusconi ? He had announced the opening of negotiations with Mr Salvini, but was reportedly stopped by the Presidential Office, the highest body of his party.