Mr Erich Priebke, a 100-year-old former SS officer involved in a massacre in Rome, died today in the very same city.
After a very complicated trial, an Italian Military Court had sentenced Mr Priebke to a life term in jail for his involvement in the Fosse Ardeatine massacre.
During that episode in 1944, the German forces occupying Rome executed 335 hostages as a reprisal for an attack by the Resistance which had killed some German soldiers in the city.
Due to his age, Mr Priebke was authorized to serve his term under house arrest and even to leave the house to work in the law firm of his defense team.
The International Court of Justice of The Hague recently ruled against Italy in a dispute with Germany regarding reparation for war crimes.