According to data released by the Ministry of Labor, in 2012 more than one million people lost their job in Italy.
During the same year, ten million people were hired, but many of them probably got temporary or seasonal positions. The overall number of new labor contracts diminished anyway.
Unemployed people are seldom entitled to get benefits from the State in Italy.
The incumbent technocratic Government is willing to change that, but not immediately since there are not enough financial resources.
Some political parties, including the Five Stars Movement, want universal benefits to be introduced right now instead.
The trade unions are afraid that any reform of unemployment benefits could damage factory workers, which are the main beneficiaries of the benefits system currently in place.